The name comes from the Latin Favignana foehn (foehn), a term which the Romans indicated the warm wind from the west. The town of Favignana, the town, still stands around a natural cove where it was built the port, on whose banks there are the buildings of the old tuna Florio.
The Phoenicians called it Katria, Latin eGate, the Greeks Aegusa (the island of the goats) for the amount of wild goats that grazed the island. But, in addition to goats, once in the territory of the island there were other wild animals such as rabbits and donkeys.
The island of Favignana has gone down in history as one of the most beloved places by Florio, the famous family of Calabrian entrepreneurs who, in the course of the nineteenth century, thanks to the shipping company, the production of wine and oil, trade and processing of bluefin tuna and blue fish in oil, they became the most powerful lords of the Mediterranean.
The most frequent visitors to the island were Ignazio Florio Junior and his wife, Donna Franca, who arrived in the island on board their luxurious yachts to watch the slaughter or to enjoy the beautiful island of Favignana sea and wild nature and unspoiled unique.
Mostly barren, the island covers 19 square kilometers, with a length of 9 km and a width of 4.
Formed by Bosco and the Plain, the island of Favignana is still divided into these two parts thanks to a limestone mountain that lies on the sea like a butterfly ...
The highest point of the island is in fact Santa Caterina 310 meters above sea level, on top of the mountain, where lies an enchanted castle floodlit at night also.