The name Favignana derives from the Latin favonius (favonio), a term with which the Romans indicated the warm wind coming from the west. The town of Favignana, the inhabited center, still stands around a natural inlet where the port was built, on whose banks there are the buildings of the ancient Florio tuna traps.
The Phoenicians called it Katria, the Latins Egate, the Greeks Aegusa (the island of goats) for the quantity of wild goats that grazed on the island. But, in addition to goats, once in the island there were other wild animals such as rabbits and donkeys.
The island of Favignana has gone down in history as one of the most loved places by the Florio family, the well-known family of Calabrian entrepreneurs who, during the 19th century, thanks to the shipping company, the production of wine and oil, trade and processing of bluefin tuna and blue fish in oil, they became the most powerful lords in the whole Mediterranean.
The most frequent visitors to the island were Ignazio Florio Junior and his wife, Donna Franca, who came to the island on board their luxury yachts, to witness the massacre or to enjoy the splendid sea of ??the island of Favignana and wild nature and unspoiled one of a kind.
Predominantly barren, the island extends for 19 km², for a length of 9 km and a width of 4.
Formed by the Bosco and the Piana, the island of Favignana is still divided into these two parts thanks to a limestone mountain that lies on the sea like a butterfly ...
The highest point on the island is in fact Santa Caterina at 310 meters above sea level, at the top of the mountain, where an enchanted castle resides, which is illuminated by day even at night.